“‘Which country do you think is the greatest threat to peace in the world today?’
Mexico’s Congress passed a major piece of energy legislation Thursday that will open the country’s currently state-monopolized oil industry to private investment.
Mexico’s lower house voted to pass the bill after hours of rancorous debate. It now has to be approved by 17 of the country’s 31 state legislatures and signed by President Peña Nieto. The measure is a key piece of Nieto’s reform package, the Associated Press reports.
If it becomes law, the measure will permit the government to grant contracts and license to conduct oil and gas drilling operations to private companies, something currently banned under the country’s constitution. State-owned Petróleos Mexicanos, better known as Pemex, has had a monopoly on the industry for the last 75 years, according to the Wall Street Journal.
Mexico is one of the largest oil producers in the world. By 2025, it hopes to raise output from 2.5 million barrels a…
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By Javier Zúñiga, Special to CNN
Editor’s note: Javier Zúñiga is a special adviser for Amnesty International. The views expressed are his own.
When Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto came to power a year ago, he was the new face of the old Partido Revolucionario Institucional, the political machinery that dominated the country for more than 70 years. With his carefully built image of a dynamic young professional, Peña Nieto started his term in office by launching multiple reform initiatives, covering numerous aspects of daily life in the country. He claims that his policies will put Mexico on a promising train to modernity and prosperity. But a year on, what has he really achieved?
One of Peña Nieto’s early commitments was to end the cycle of human rights violations and violence that so characterised former President Felipe Calderon’s administration. Sadly, he has not delivered on that promise: On…
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Jorge-Mario Cabrera remembers reading about the estimated 1 million Mexicans and Mexican-Americans deported or scared into leaving their homes in the U.S. by government officials trying desperately to improve the economy during the Great Depression of the 1930s in the book, “Decade of Betrayal,” by Raymond Rodriguez and Francisco Balderrama.
It was the mid-1990s, the book had recently hit shelves, and Cabrera says it was required reading at the University of California at Santa Cruz where he was a community studies major. The co-author, Raymond Rodriguez, recently passed away on June 24 from a heart attack at age 87, but his legacy still strikes a chord in Cabrera, who is of Salvadoran descent, as well as in other immigrants today.
“I thought this could not have happened in my America — in a place that valued justice, freedom and the pursuit of happiness,” says Cabrera, director of communications at…
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